Cardiac insufficiency, tachycardia or other arrhythmias, hypertension, stress and anxiety, and hyperthyroidism. Mechanism of Action Leonurus cardiaca contains monoterpenes, diterpenes, triterpenes, nitrogen-containing compounds, phenylpropanoids, flavonoids and phenolic acids, lectins, and phytosterols as well as volatile oils, sterols, and tannins. Quality Leonurus products should contain at least 0. In addition to these ubiquitous compounds, Leonurus contains iridoid glycosides such as leonuride and the alkaloids leonurine, leonurinine, and stachydrine, 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 all credited with medicinal effects. Leonurine is a guanidine alkaloid shown to have cardioprotective, hypotensive, uterotonic, and neuroprotective effects.
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Copyright All rights reserved. Leonurus cardiaca Chinese form: L. The flowers are pale pink to purple, very hairy, in whorls of 6 to 12, alternating up the stems with leaves. The leaves are dark green above, pale below, oak-shaped and deeply lobed into three, especially at the bottom. Blooms in late-June to August. Cultivation: A perennial to Zone 3. Germinates in weeks. Space feet apart. Soil temperature for germination F. Soil should be light, well drained and fairly poor with a pH of 7.
Full sun. Easily self-sows once established. Plants can be put in by either hand or by transplanter. Space at inches in the row with row spacing at inches. Harvest the leaves and the entire flower stalk with clippers when the flowers are in full bloom, anywhere from late June into August, being sure to leave enough flower stalks for reseeding to occur. Chinese studies indicate that the active chemical components are at their highest concentrations when the plant is in bloom.
Before flowering, the quantity of active components is much reduced. There is usually a small crop the first year and then two cuttings a year after that for several years. Yields of 1, to 2, pound per acre can be expected. Dries easily in days, though it should be turned the first couple of days.
Constitutents: essential oil, alkaloids stachydrine, leonurinine , glycosides leonurine, leonuridin , flavonoids, diterpenes, caffeic acid, tannins, vitamin A. History: the early Greeks gave motherwort to pregnant women suffering from anxiety. There is an old tale about a town whose water source is a stream flowing through banks of motherwort. Many of the townspeople lived to be years old and recall one who reportedly lived to years.
In ancient China, motherwort was reputed to promote longevity. In Europe, motherwort first became known as a treatment for cattle diseases. Colonists introduced motherwort into North America and the 19 th century Eclectics recommended it as a menstruation promoter and aid to expelling the afterbirth. They did not consider it a heart remedy at all. The Cherokees used the herb as a sedative for nervous afflictions. In the Victorian Language of Flowers it symbolizes concealed love. Properties: emmenagogue, astringent, carminative, cardiac tonic, diuretic, antispasmodic, antirheumatic Medicinal: Motherwort is primarily an herb of the heart.
Several species have sedative effects, decreasing muscle spasms and temporarily lowering blood pressure. Chinese studies found that extracts decrease clotting and the level of fat in the blood and can slow heart palpatations and rapid heartbeat.
If used in early labor it will ease labor pains and calms the nerves after childbirth. Take motherwort only once soon after giving birth as consistent use before the uterus has clamped down may cause bleeding to continue. Use one to two times a day in the weeks following birth for easing tension and supporting a woman through the feelings that come with new mothering.
Do not use during pregnancy. Motherwort helps bring on a delayed or suppressed menstrual flow, especially when someone is anxious and tense. Chinese women often use it combined with dong quai as a menstrual regulator. Avoid using for menstrual cramps when bleeding is heavy. It strengthens and relaxes the uterine muscles and eases uterine cramping. It also reduces fevers, and is especially suggested for illnesses associated with nervousness or delirium.
Motherwort was formerly used to treat rheumatism and lung problems, like bronchitis and asthma. Motherwort may help an overactive thyroid but does not depress normal thyroid function.
Tincture the leaves and flowers as soon as you pick them. If you prefer to dry them, lay the leaves and stalks onto screens. Motherwort tea has a very bitter taste. Chinese medicine uses the seeds to aid in urination; cool the body system; treat excessive menstrual flow, absence of menstruation. Dosage: gms For a possible tranquilizing, uterine stimulating, blood pressure-lowering infusion, use teaspoons of dried herb per cup of boiling water.
Steep 10 minutes. Drink up to 2 cups a day, a tablespoon at a time. Because of the very bitter taste, add sugar, honey, and lemon or mix it into an herbal beverage tea to improve flavor. Do not give to children under age 2.
Add cloves and drink during labor. Take after childbirth to help restore the uterus and reduce the risk of postpartum bleeding Syrup of aerial parts: the infusion is traditionally made into a syrup to disguise the flavor. Use in similar ways to infusion Tincture of aerial parts: use as the infusion. Prescribed with herbs such as hawthorn as a heart tonic. Douche of aerial parts: Use the infusion or diluted tincture for vaginal infections and discharges Decoction of Seeds: use for menstrual problems Eyewash of seeds: use a weak decoction for conjunctivitis or sore or tired eyes Premenstrual Support: support the hormonal changes that occur before menstruation beings.
Take times per day from ovulation through bleeding. As a tincture, take drops. To make tea, pour 1 cup of hot steaming water over teaspoons of herbs and drink cups a day. Take as a tincture, drops, times per day, days a week. Can be used over several months. Cool as a Cucumber Tea: 1 oz motherwort, 2 oz linden flower, 1 oz chamomile flower, 4 oz skullcap herb, 3 oz borage flowers, stems, and leaves, 2 oz marshmallow root, 2 oz hibiscus flower.
Combine 1 oz of the mixture with 4 cups of boiling water in a teapot or container with a well-fitting lid. Let stand for fifteen minutes; then strain the tea and store it in a closed container.
Allow to cool; drink at room temperature. During daytime hot flashes, drink 1 cup as often as needed. Or it can be sipped all day. Just be sure to drink the entire amount each day. Conserve of Motherwort: strip the flowers from the stems allowing 2 lbs of sugar to 1 lb of flowers.
Beat them together well, stirring the sugar in gradually, then pot and tie down well. Syrup of Motherwort: Cut the flowering stems into small pieces and put them into an earthen pot and pour over them boiling water, allowing 1 gallon of water to every 3 pounds of the stems. Cover closely and leave for 12 hours, then squeeze the herbs very carefully, heat the liquid and add a fresh lot of herbs; infuse again, covering closely, and continue to do so until the infusion is strong enough.
To every quart of the infusion add 4 pounds of loaf sugar and boil to a syrup and when cool bottle. Toxicity: Motherwort leaves occasionally produce skin dermatitis when touched. Because of the possible anticlotting effect those with clotting disorders should avoid it. Ritual Uses: herb of Venus and Leo. Excellent for inclusion in the ritual cup. It is a strengthening herb, giving a person a sense of purpose, and joy in the completion of the work needed.
It brings an atittude that all will succeed and allows for the growth of inner trust, knowing that all will work towards a good and positive conclusion. It is also used as an herb of protection and countermagicke. Material herein is derived from journals, textbooks, etc. THGMN cannot be held responsible for the validity of the information contained in any reference noted herein, for the misuse of information or any adverse effects by use of any stated material presented.
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Habitat: Motherwort is found throughout northern Europe. The species is also common in Asia and has been introduced and naturalized in North America, where in many places it is now considered a bothersome weed. Motherwort has been cultivated since medieval times as a medicinal plant which is probably a contributing factor in how widespread the plant has become. The plant thrives best in humus-rich soil in bright sunny places. The plant can be grown from seeds in the spring or early summer or be propagated from the roots in autumn or late spring. Description: Motherwort is a perennial plant that belongs to the mint or deadnettle family Lamiaceae. It has an erect stem and grows to cm tall.
Motherwort Benefits, Uses and Side Effects
Pick an image for a larger view. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Detailed Information Flower: Clusters of stalkless flowers surround the stem at the leaf nodes in the upper part of the plant. The upper lip extends out, its outer surface densely covered in long, white hairs. The lower lip is a darker purplish color, narrow and folds up lengthwise. Purple-tipped stamens and a white style arch along the inside of the upper lip.
Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca)
Copyright All rights reserved. Leonurus cardiaca Chinese form: L. The flowers are pale pink to purple, very hairy, in whorls of 6 to 12, alternating up the stems with leaves. The leaves are dark green above, pale below, oak-shaped and deeply lobed into three, especially at the bottom. Blooms in late-June to August.
Motherworth - Leonurus cardiaca
To support our efforts please browse our store books with medicinal info, etc. Early Greeks gave pregnant women motherwort who suffered anxiety. The Latin name is derived from the Greek: leon for lion and ouros for tail. The name cardiac comes from kardiaca, meaning heart.