Karl Terzaghi who is known as father of geotechnical engineering is among my favorites. His concepts of soil and its behavior had given this world entirely new outlook towards soil mechanics. I would like to post brief history of Karl Terzaghi. In , he graduated from the Technische Hochschule in Graz, Austria, with an undergraduate degree in mechanical engineering.
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Karl Terzaghi who is known as father of geotechnical engineering is among my favorites. His concepts of soil and its behavior had given this world entirely new outlook towards soil mechanics. I would like to post brief history of Karl Terzaghi. In , he graduated from the Technische Hochschule in Graz, Austria, with an undergraduate degree in mechanical engineering. After his graduation he served one year in the Austrian army. Following his army service, Terzaghi studied one more year, concentrating on geological subjects.
In , his first job was as a junior design engineer for the firm Adol Baron Pittle, Vienna. And Karl became involved in the geological problems the firm faced. He went on with great success to an even more chaotic project in St.
During the six months in Russia, he developed some novel graphical methods for the design of industrial tanks, which he submitted as a thesis for his doctorate at the University. In America, on his own, he undertook an engineering tour of major dam construction sites in the West. This was no ordinary tour, but was his opportunity to gather reports and first-hand knowledge of the problems of many different projects, and he used it to the fullest before returning to Austria in December When war broke out, he found himself drafted into the army as an officer directing a man engineering battalion.
His responsibilities again increased, leading now men, and he faced combat in Serbia and witnessed the fall of Belgrade. After a short stint managing an airfield, in he became a professor in the Imperial School of Engineers in Istanbul. He set up a laboratory using only the most rudimentary of equipment, and began his revolution. His measurements and analysis of the force on retaining walls were first published in English in , and was quickly recognized as an important new contribution to the scientific understanding of the fundamental behavior of soils.
There he began his research work on the behavior of soils and settlement of clays and on the failure due to piping in sand under dams. In he published much of this in his Magnum Opus, Erdbaumechanik which revolutionized the field to great acclaim. One of his first tasks in the USA was to bring his work to the attention of engineers. This he proceeded to do by writing a series of articles for the Engineering News Record, which were published in the winter of , then as a small book in In he met the young Harvard doctoral student in geology, Ruth Dogget, and fell deeply in love.
In he accepted a chair at the Vienna Technische Hochshule. He married Ruth, who became his editor and collaborator as well. Before the end of the war, he consulted on the Chicago Subway system, the New Port News Shipways construction, and raising the Normandie, among others. He became an American citizen in March He remained as a part-timer at Harvard university until his retirement in at the mandatory age of He resigned this post in after coming into conflict with the Russian engineers in charge of the project, but continued to consult on various hydroelectric projects, especially in British Columbia.
The American Society Of Civil Engineers established in the Karl Terzaghi Award to an "author of outstanding contributions to knowledge in the fields of soil mechanics, subsurface and earthwork engineering, and subsurface and earthwork constructionMap of Egypt showing the location of Aswan and Lake Nasser.
Terzaghi, K. Wiley-Interscience References: R. Posted by Sandeep Sahu at AM.
Karl von Terzaghi
At 10, Terzaghi was sent to a military boarding school, where he developed an interest in astronomy and geography. At age fourteen, Terzaghi entered a different military school, in Hranice , the Crown of Bohemia. He was an excellent student, especially in geometry and mathematics, and graduated with honors at He was nearly expelled at one point but ended up graduating with honors in While fulfilling his military obligations, Terzaghi translated and greatly expanded a popular English geology field manual to German. He returned to the university for one year and combined the study of geology with courses on subjects such as highway and railway engineering.
Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice