Philosophy Influences edit data Carlo Michelstaedter 3 June - 17 October was an Italian writer, philosopher, and man of letters. Carlo Michelstaedter was born in Gorizia, the capital of the Austro-Hungarian County of Gorizia and Gradisca, as the youngest of four children in a well-to-do Italian-speaking Jewish family. From his father Alberto, the head of an insurance office and president of the Gabinetto di Lettura goriziano, he received a push towards literary study; from his mother Emma Luzzatto, a great love for family and country. He was a scrappy and introverted boy, but by the end of high school completed in Gorizia , he developed into a brilliant, athletic, intelligent youth. He enrolled in the department of mathematics in Vienna, but soon moved to Carlo Michelstaedter 3 June - 17 October was an Italian writer, philosopher, and man of letters. He enrolled in the department of mathematics in Vienna, but soon moved to Florence, a city he savored for its arts and language.
|Published (Last):||6 May 2016|
|PDF File Size:||14.57 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||15.46 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
His older siblings were Gino — , Elda — , Paula — His full name was Carlo Raimondo Gedaliah Ram. His father was the director of the local branch of the Trieste -based Assicurazioni Generali insurance company. The Michelstaedters were an Italian-speaking upper middle class Jewish family of Ashkenazi origin.
His sister Paula remembered him as a child fearful of the dark and heights, stubborn and not at all prepared to apologize for any misbehavior. In school, he was judged "not very suitable minder entsprechend " for having intentionally and frequently disturbed the lessons during the year. His father was also the chairman of the Gabinetto di Lettura Goriziano, a local cultural association for the fostering of literary culture, and he pushed his son towards literary study.
His mother Emma Luzzatto came from an old and renowned Jewish family of Italian irredentist leanings. Carlo was considered an introverted boy, but by the end of high school completed in Gorizia , he developed into a brilliant, athletic, intelligent youth. He enrolled in the department of mathematics at the University of Vienna , but soon moved to Florence , a city he savored for its arts and language.
He majored in Greek and Latin, and selected for his laurea thesis a philosophical study of persuasion and rhetoric in ancient philosophy. In he returned to Gorizia and set himself to work on the thesis. Around the fall of , he completed his work, finishing the appendices by 17 October. He was very tired, and that day he had a fight with his mother, who complained he had not wished her a happy birthday.
Left alone, Carlo took a loaded pistol he kept in the house and killed himself with two shots. The reasoning behind his suicide has been a subject of much debate, some see it as the natural conclusion to his philosophy, others see it as a result of some kind of mental illness.
One of his friends from Florence, a Russian woman, had also committed suicide, and also a brother who lived in America. As his family was Jewish, they were sent to Auschwitz , only one sister escaped to Switzerland.
Friends and relatives published his works and collected his writings, now in the Biblioteca Civica di Gorizia.
Not only did he write Persuasion and Rhetoric, but many stories, plays, dialogues. Thousands of unfinished pages, most of which have been only translated to Spanish.
Thought[ edit ] For Michelstaedter, common life is an absence of life, narrow and deluded as it is by the god of pleasure, which deceives man, promising pleasures and results that are not real, although man thinks they are.
Rhetoric—that is, the conventions of the individual, the weak, and society—comprises social life, in which man overpowers nature and himself for his own pleasure. Only by living in the present as if every moment were the last can man free himself from the fear of death, and thus achieve Persuasion; that is, self-possession. Resignation and adapting oneself to the world, for Michelstaedter, is the true death.
His thought has been recognized as a precursor of Heidegger in philosophy, of Wittgenstein in the critique of language, of Derrida in hermeneutics. There are three phases in the development of his philosophy. His analysis now sought to provide the possibility of resisting the abstracting force that social consensus exercised on both philosophical and quotidian forms of thought. It is clear in his later writings that he understood that all philosophical approaches must be analysed in terms of how they are abstracted alienated from themselves within the structures of societal consensus.
Violence against nature which becomes violence against man in organized society with property, this is how Rhetoric is maintained in society, with the atomizing of life starting with laws, humans rights, the exploitation of past labor and money. Rhetoric is illusory individuality opposite of which is Persuasion, organized society affirms "philopsychia" for every individual, that he should love his life, his security guaranteed and his fear of death is rational.
For Michelstaedter, the will is not metaphysical or exists in idealistic sense, the will is strictly material. In the moment of need, the subject reads all of reality according to the characteristics of his own needs. When this mechanism is extended from the individual to the whole of society, the result is what Michelstaedter describes as "correlativity", that is, a system of contrasting wills that leads individuals to see everything contained in the real including other subjects in relation to their own needs, and thus as objects to be annexed for their "usefulness" Poetry[ edit ] Michelstaedter ventured into poetry as well as art.
The topics can range to different things, but all have to do with either rhetoric or persuasion. Heavily influenced by Giacomo Leopardi, he felt a lack in his poetry seeing the similarity.
However, the work should be regarded equally as important, in the poem I Figli del Mare, Michelstaedter profoundly writes about persuasion and rhetoric in a poetic way. The poem in question can be understood as it follows that the struggle in the fury of the sea is never-ending, it never-achieves its goal, and thus necessarily and unavoidably implies a degree of error.
But what differentiates this erring from the mistakes of the land is that it is, so to speak, an erring in the right direction. In him, almost in an individual nucleus, more and more large determinations are organized. Therefore every word of his is luminous because, with depth of connections between each other, he creates the presence of what is far away " Il dialogo della salute , edited by Sergio Campailla.
Milano: Adelphi Edizioni, Poesie — , edited by Sergio Campailla. Epistolario, edited by Sergio Campailla. Diario e scritti vari Opere, edited by G. Milano: SE, Preface by Wilhelm Snyman.
Persuasion and Rhetoric
Gale Enthusiasm ignored is the work of a genius. Sep 21, Adeel rated it persuasipn was amazing Shelves: Resignation and adapting oneself to the world, for Michelstaedter, is the true death. Views Read Edit View history. His father was the chairman of the Gabinetto di Lettura Gorizianoa local cultural association for the fostering of literary culture, and he pushed his son towards literary study.
Carlo Michelstaedter : Persuasion and rhetoric