The First World War had a strong effect on Bruno Taut and his later architecture because he became in a pacifist. The ideas that he had created in the Crystal Pavilion of would be framed in a deeper context and they became in the starting point of the architecture during the next years. This statement was framed within the concept Geist and Volk Spirit and people , where the Geist spirit was the vehicle through the personal aspirations of the man were close of the creations of the God. In these temples, the latest aim of architecture its function is devotion for beauty and a place for the spirit. Bruno Taut attempts to a futurist utopian, where technology has to help to the Geist.
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After secondary school, he studied at the Baugewerkschule. In the following years, Taut worked in the offices of various architects in Hamburg and Wiesbaden. From to , Taut worked in Stuttgart for Theodor Fischer and studied urban planning. He received his first commission through Fischer in , which involved the renovation of the village church in Unterriexingen. He became a committed follower of the Garden City movement , evidenced by his design for the Falkenberg Estate.
His aim was to make a whole building out of glass instead of merely using glass as a surface or decorative material. His sketches for the publication "Alpine Architecture" are the work of an unabashed utopian visionary, and he is classified as a Modernist and in particular an Expressionist.
Muthesius also introduced him to some of the Deutscher Werkbund group of architects, including Walter Gropius. Taut had socialist sympathies, and before World War I this hindered his advancement. He became a pacifist and so avoided military service. He began to write and sketch, less to escape from the brutalities of war than to present a positive utopia in opposition to this reality.
The "City Crown" was to be in the very center. How can I even begin to describe what it is only possible to construct! The reform estate, created for a housing trust, was built in —15 in the southwest of Magdeburg.
The estate consists of one-story terrace houses and was the first project in which Taut used colour as a design principle. The construction of the estate was continued by Carl Krayl. Taut served as a city architect in Magdeburg from to During his time a few residential developments were built, one of which was the Hermann Beims estate —28 with 2, apartments. Taut designed the exhibition hall City and Countryside in with concrete trusses and a central skylight.
As in Magdeburg, he applied lively, clashing colors to his first major commission, the Gartenstadt Falkenberg housing estate in Berlin, which became known as the "Paint Box Estates". The Glass Pavilion, an illustration of the new possibilities of glass, was also brightly colored.
The difference between Taut and his Modernist contemporaries was never more obvious than at the Weissenhofsiedlung housing exhibition in Stuttgart. Le Corbusier is reported to have exclaimed, "My God, Taut is colour-blind!
Both of these constructions became prominent examples of the use of colorful details in architecture. The designs featured controversial modern flat roofs; access to sunlight, air, and gardens; and generous amenities like gas, electric light, and bathrooms. This state housing association was sold by the Senate of Berlin in ; its legal successor is Deutsche Wohnen. He was promised work in the USSR in and but was obliged to return to Germany in February to a hostile political environment.
Later in the same year, Taut fled to Switzerland. For a time Taut worked as an industrial design teacher, and his models of lamps and furniture sold at the Miratiss shop in Tokyo. He was the first to write extensively about the architectural features of the Katsura Imperial Villa from a modernist perspective.
Built-in on a site below the original villa owned by businessman Rihei Hyuga, and part modern and part traditional Japanese in style, the three rooms provided additional space for social events and views over nearby Sagami Bay.
In a letter to a Japanese friend he wrote, "They gave me a great opportunity in that they gave me freedom for my craft. For this building, I am thinking of using some Turkish motifs. His studio resembled that of the Einstein Tower in Potsdam, while the front view recalled a Japanese pagoda.
After leaving Germany, Taut gradually moved away from modernism. A colleague[ who? I am very disappointed It is a shame for such an avant-gardist. His last building project, the Cebeci School, was left unfinished. It was a simple design, consisting of large wooden columns and a flag that covered the coffin. Art Journal. Bletter, Rosemarie Haag Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians.
Martin Wagner Universidad de Valladolid:
Ecstasy is the motor which sets the machinery of practical reason in motion and keeps it going - its heart Kurt Hiller Character is merely obstinacy, I move in all directions Bruno Taut motto borrowed from Paul Scheerbart The Weissenhofsiedlung housing exhibition in Stuttgart drew together a considerable number of the leading European modern architects. Its orgy of colour attracted incomprehension, derision, irritation and horror. Only a day before the exhibition opened, Mies, in his role as artistic director, expressed his severe doubts about the colour scheme. In he published a "Call for Colourful Building", co-signed by several leading contemporaries.
Bruno Taut and the architecture of activism
Bruno Taut And The Architecture Of Activism