ALTHUSIUS POLITICA PDF

Sofocle e Pericle Pericle, stratego di Atene. La tragedia prende le mosse davanti alle mura di Tebe e vede guerreggiare fra loro i fratelli di Antigone e Ismene , Eteocle sostenitore del re di Tebe, Creonte e Polinice avversario del re. Affermata con animo pugnace la sua disobbedienza civile , Antigone affronta serena la morte. Aristotele di Stagira. Zenone di Cizio. Vivere secondo natura significa, dunque, condurre una esistenza obbediente alla ragione, ponendo freno a ogni passione di sorta.

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After philosophic and legal studies in Switzerland, Althusius was a professor at the University of Herborn in Nassau until , when he became syndic of the town of Emden in the German province of East Friesland Ostfriesland. He wrote a noted general treatise on Roman law , as well as other legal essays, but his principal work was Politica methodice digesta atque exemplis sacris et profanis illustrata , enlarged and , a systematized tract on all forms of human association.

Althusius elaborated five principal types of association, each a combination of the preceeding: the family, the voluntary corporation, the local community , the province, and lastly the state.

A series of social contracts sustains the system as new groups are brought into existence. Each of his groups has an independent existence.

Through his discussion of the complex relations between levels and the different types of associational arrangements, he developed a comprehensive theory of federalism as the means of achieving national unity, in which sovereignty , resting in the people through their groups, cannot be transferred because it is essential to the being of the political community. While reflecting Calvinist puritanism, Althusius stressed that each social group is to be justified by providing a full and happy life to its members.

For several centuries interest in Althusius was slight until he was rediscovered early in the 20th century by Otto Friedrich von Gierke. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen , Corrections Manager. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.

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Giusnaturalismo

Where did society come from? How did politics come about? Why do people live together? But political thinkers from Plato through to Rawls have tackled questions about the social nature of humans, and how it is that we get into political situations in the first place. How one answers this question has substantial ramifications. It affects, for one thing, how we understand the origins of political legitimacy; who justly decides who has political power? It affects, too, how we account for the nature and form of the political sphere; is it—should it be— democratic, or monarchical?

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The Origins of Politics According to Althusius

This has been true ever since Otto Gierke in the latter part of the nineteenth century recovered Althusius from two centuries of relative obscurity, and attributed to his Politica Politica methodice digesta the distinction of making one of the pivotal contributions to Western political thought. He saw in Althusius a seminal thinker who was enabled by an exceptional learning in law, theology, politics, and history to formulate a political theory that served as something of a culmination of medieval social thought and a watershed of modern political ideas. The chief features of this theory, Gierke felt, were to be found in its contractual and natural law principles. Friedrich focused attention on the concept of the symbiotic association as the foundation of Althusian theory, and on the Calvinist religion as interpretive of this concept. The names of John Neville Figgis, R.

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Johannes Althusius

After philosophic and legal studies in Switzerland, Althusius was a professor at the University of Herborn in Nassau until , when he became syndic of the town of Emden in the German province of East Friesland Ostfriesland. He wrote a noted general treatise on Roman law , as well as other legal essays, but his principal work was Politica methodice digesta atque exemplis sacris et profanis illustrata , enlarged and , a systematized tract on all forms of human association. Althusius elaborated five principal types of association, each a combination of the preceeding: the family, the voluntary corporation, the local community , the province, and lastly the state. A series of social contracts sustains the system as new groups are brought into existence. Each of his groups has an independent existence.

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Online Library of Liberty

Althusius unterlag noch einer theozentrischen Orientierung. Jahrhunderts angesehen. Volk populus zu. Hauptwerke Iuris romanis libri duo. Ad leges Methodi Rameae conformati. Hanoviae Hanau ,

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