Maybe you want a little grammar-translation. But there are a few, tucked away on the sidebar, which may be unfamiliar—like the Suggestopedia method. But first, a quick history lesson. The Background of Suggestopedia Suggestopedia is an unconventional teaching method developed in the s by Bulgarian teacher and psychiatrist, Dr. Georgi Lozanov. As the name implies, Suggestopedia relies on the power of suggestion for acquiring language knowledge.
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They have to choose an appropriate method to transfer the knowledge because they will find different situation and different students in the class. Generally, students would not be able to believe that they could be successful in learning language. This lack of motivation has made students do not have confidence to speak in the target language because they do not want to make mistakes. Moreover, they find difficulties to recall the previous lesson, such us memorizing the new vocabularies.
This situation encourages teacher to be creative and to use an effective method on teaching. In addition, students have different type of learning style. They learn through their own learning style which are visual, auditory, or kinesthetic style.
Then, those who are auditory learn through listening and they learn best through verbal lectures, discussions, talking things through, and listening to what others have to say. Besides, those who are kinesthetic learn through moving, doing, and touching, and learn best through a hands-on approach and actively exploring the physical world around them.
In the class room, teacher will meet these three types of students. In order to make students could learn well through their own learning style, teacher is supposed to use an effective method of teaching different types of students. Suggestopedia is one of methods that can be used by teacher. This method was introduced by a Bulgarian psychologist and educator, George Lazanov in Maleki believed that we are able of learning much more than we think, provided we use our brain power and inner capacities.
Lazanov created suggestopedia for learning that capitalized on relaxed states of mind for maximum retention material. Desuggestion means unloading the memory banks, or reserves, of unwanted or blocking memories. Suggestion then means loading the memory banks with desired and facilitating memories.
Lazanov cited in Lica argued that learners have difficulties in acquiring English as the second language because of the fear of the students to make mistakes. When the learners are in this situation, their heart and blood pressure raise. This filter blocks the input, so the learners have difficulties to acquire language caused by their fear. It is the final goal of suggestopedia.
Theory of Language Lozanov does not articulate a theory of language, nor does it seem he is much concerned with any particular assumptions regarding language elements and their organization. Reserves are like human memory banks There are some principal theoretical components through which desuggestion and suggestion operate and that set up access to reserves. Key Features of Suggestopedia Comfortable environment In suggestopedia method, the classroom is not the same as common classrooms.
In the classroom, the chairs are arranged semicircle and faced the black or white board in order to make the students pay more attention and get more relaxed. The use of music One of the most uniqueness of this method is the use of Baroque music during the learning process. Baroque music, with its 60 beats per minute and its specific rhythm, created the kind of relaxed states of mind for maximum retention of material. It is believed that Baroque music creates a level of relaxed concentration that facilitates the intput and retention of huge quantities of materials.
Baroque music helps the students to reach a certain state of relaxation, in which the receptivity is increased Radle, The increasing of learning potential is put down to the increase of alpha brain and decreasing of blood preasure and heart rate.
The use of music also depends on the expected skill of the students: listening, grammar, pronunciation, discussion, etc. Peripheral Learning The students learn English not only from direct instruction but also from indirect instruction. It is encouraged through the presence in the learning environment of posters and decoration featuring the target language and various grammatical information. They are changed everyday. By doing this, the students can learn many things undirectly in the classroom or outside classroom.
For example, students can produce simple sentence by using the posters or grammatical information on the wall. Free Errors In the teaching learning process, students who make mistakes are tolerated, for example in pronouncing the word. The emphasis is on the content not the structure. Grammar and vocabularies are presented and given treatment from the teachers, but not dwelt on.
Homework is limited Students reread materials given in the classroom once before they go to sleep at night and once in the morning before they get up. Music, drama and art are integrated in the learning process They are integrated as often as possible.
Design Objective Suggestopedia aims to deliver advance conversational proficiency quickly. It apparently bases its leaning claims on student mastery of prodigious lists of vocabulary pairs and indeed, suggests to the students that it is appropriate that they set such goals for themselves. As learners goals he cited increased access an understanding and creative solution of problem.
However, because students and teachers place a high value on vocabulary recall, memorization of vocabulary pairs continues to be seen as an important goal to the suggestopedia method. The syllabus A suggestopedia course last thirty days and consist of ten units of study. Classes are held four hours a day, six days a week. The central focus of each unit is a dialogue consisting of 1, words or so, with an accompanying vocabulary list and grammatical commentary.
The dialogues are graded by lexicon and grammar. There is a pattern of work within each unit and a pattern of work for the whole course. Unit study is organized around three days: day 1 — half a day, day 2 — full day, day 3 — half a day. One of the first day of work on a new unit the teacher discusses the general content not structure of the unit dialogue.
The learners then receive the printed dialogue with the native language translation in parallel column. The teacher answers any questions of interest or concern about the dialogue. The dialogue then is read the second and third time in ways to be discussed sub sequently. The whole course also has a pattern of presentation and performance. The teacher then briefs the students on the course and explains the attitude they should toward it.
During the course there are two opportunities for generalization of material. In the middle of the course students are encouraged to practice the target language in a setting where it might be used, such as hotels and restaurants.
The last day of the course is devoted to a performance in which every student participates. The students construct a play built on the material of the course. Types of Learning and Teaching Activities The types of activities that are more original to suggestopedia are the listening activities, which concern the text and text vocabulary of each unit.
The students first look at and discuss a new text with the teacher. In the second reading, students relax comfortably in reclining chairs and listen to the teacher read the text in a certain way. During the third reading the material is acted out by the instructor in a dramatic manner over a background of the special musical form described previously. Lozanov lists several expected teacher behaviors as follows: Show absolute confidence in the method. Display fastidious conduct in manners and dress.
Organize properly, and strictly observe the initial stages of the teaching process—this includes choice and play of music, as well as punctuality. Maintain a solemn attitude towards the session. Give tests and respond tactfully to poor papers if any. Stress global rather than analytical attitudes towards material.
Maintain a modest enthusiasm. The students should not be critical, but simply absorb what is presented to them. Stages of Suggestopedia There are three stages in using suggestopedia method. They are: 1. Presentation Presentation is the basis of conducting Suggestopedia in class successfully.
The main aim in this stage is to help students relaxed and move into a positive frame of mind, with the feeling that the learning is going to be easy and funny. Desuggestion and suggestion happen at this stage at the same time. Concert First Concert This involves the active presentation of the material to be learnt. The original form of Suggestopedia presented by Lozanov consisted of the use of extended dialogues, often several pages in length, accompanied by vocabulary lists and observations on grammatical points.
Typically these dialogues will be read aloud to students to the accompaniment of music. Second Concert The students are now guided to relax and listen to some Baroque music. The best choice of music according to Lozanov, with the text being studied very quietly in the background. During both types of reading, the learners will sit in comfortable seats, armchairs rather than classroom chairs, in a comfortable environment. After the readings of these long dialogues to the accompaniment of music, the teacher will then make use of the dialogues for more conventional language work.
The music brings the students into the optimum mental state for the effortless acquisition of the material. The students, then, make and practice dialogue after they memorize the content of the materials. Practice The use of a range of role-plays, games, puzzles, etc. Advantages of Suggestopedia There are some benefits in utilizing suggestopedia: A comprehesible input based on dessugestion and suggestion principle By using this suggestopedia method, students can lower their affective filter.
Suggestopedia classes, in addition, are held in ordinary rooms with comfortable chairs, a practice that may also help them relaxed. Teacher can do numerous other things to lower the affective filter. Authority concept Students remember best and are most influenced by information coming from an authoritative source, teachers. Double-planedness theory It refers to the learning from two aspects. They are the conscious aspect and the subconscious one.
Students can acquire the aim of teaching instruction from both direct instruction and environment in which the teaching takes place. Peripheral learning Suggestopedia encourages the students to apply language more independently, takes more personal responsibility for their own learning and get more confidence.
Peripheral information can also help encourage students to be more experimental, and look to sources other than the teacher for language input. When the students are successful in doing such self-activities, they will be more confident. Disadvantages of Suggestopedia Suggestopedia also has limitation since there is no single teaching method that is chategorized as the best based on some consideration such as: the curriculum, students motivation, financial limitation, number of students, etc.
For the Bulgarian Olympic gymnast, see Georgi Lozanov gymnast. Such techniques included elements such as breathing , visualization , and biofeedback. There is a school in Sliven dedicated to preparing teachers for using suggestopaedia during lessons in order to improve the learning speed of pupils. During the s his theories and method were carefully analyzed and evaluated worldwide by a committee on languages learning and eventually certified by Unesco as "the most cultural integral and effective learning method" in Second Language Acquisition, better known today as its corporate adaptation called the Accelerated Learning Method. Among his research, Lozanov had conducted during his earlier career stages advanced long-term research in the field of parapsychology , especially on clairvoyance at the University of Sofia. Upon certification of his method, he created the International Centre for Desuggestology in Vienna, Austria. Then in with the contribution of his wife, the linguist, pedagogue, and artist Dr.
Teaching approaches: what is suggestopedia?
In practice[ edit ] Physical surroundings and atmosphere in classroom are the vital factors to make sure that "the students feel comfortable and confident",  and various techniques, including art and music, are used by the trained teachers. In most materials the foreign language text is on the left half of the page with a translation on the right half, i. Concert session active and passive : In the active session, the teacher reads the text at a normal speed, sometimes intoning some words, and the students follow. In the passive session, the students relax and listen to the teacher reading the text calmly. Baroque music is played in the background. Elaboration: The students finish off what they have learned with dramas, songs, and games.
Georgi Lozanov Dr. Georgi Lozanov created a remarkably effective method of teaching based on how the brain actually learns. A native of Sofia, Bulgaria, and a medical doctor specialized in psychiatry and psychotherapy, Dr. Lozanov has a passion for understanding how human beings learn.