CULTURA CASTREXA PDF

Reconstrucciуn ideal de una cabaсa castreсa. Generalmente los castros constan de un recinto amurallado en piedra, de forma oval o redonda, que cobija en su interior un conjunto de chozas dispuestas de forma desordenada, con paredes generalmente de tapial tierra seca con maderas , ya que sуlo en fases tardнas se construyen paredes de piedra, y techumbre de paja. La fragilidad de la construcciуn explica el que sus restos no hayan llegado hasta nosotros. La puerta era de tablones de madera, y suele estar un poco elevada del suelo, seguramente para impedir el paso del agua al interior. El suelo se igualaba con piedra menuda sobre la que se colocaba arcilla apisonada, y con cantos se hacнa el hueco para la lumbre. Muy pocos podrнan albergar mбs de una docena de chozas en su interior.

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Mazujin On the role of agency, memory and identity in the construction of space from the Upper Palaeolithic to the Castrxea Age in Europe. The votive altars containing this dedications frequently present three holes for gifts or sacrifices. Mining was an integral part of the culture, and it attracted Mediterranean merchants, first Phoenicianslater Carthaginians and Romans.

The supreme Nabia is related to Jupiter and another incarnation of the deity, identified with Diana, Juno or Victoria or others from the Roman pantheon, linked to the protection and cltura of the community or health, wealth and fertility. Cultura castrexa Flickr Five main types are produced, all of them in granite stone: These villages were closely related to the open settlements which characterized the first Bronze Age, frequently established near the valleys and the richer agricultural lands.

Strabo wrote that the people of northern Iberia used boats made of leather, probably similar to Irish currachs and Welsh coraclesfor local navigation. Santa Eulalia de Oscos. Cilbiceni Caxtrexa Etmanei Gletes Turdetani proper.

File:Cultura Castrexa. Catsrexa the 1st century AD, more thanpeople were living in the main area of the Castro culture, in hill forts and oppida. Celtici of Arunda Cempsi Mirobrigenses. At the same time, these houses and groups tended to occupy most of the internal room of the hill-forts, reducing the communitarian open spaces, which in turn would have been substituted by other facilities such as saunas[13] communitarian halls, and shared forges.

Hispania Epigraphica on-line data-base. The Rede de Castros do Noroeste, the Northwestern Castro Network, was established in grouping the most important sites in Northern Portugal as founding members out of 2, archaeological sites: A sculpted stone reused in a 6th-century Suevic church in Dume, Braga.

Supporting the idea, no evidence has been found of any women worshipping at any of the monuments dedicated to Cosus. Cultura Castrexa Strabo wrote, probably describing this process: The cities are surrounded by a number of cultkra castros, some of which may have been defensive outposts of cities, such as Castro de Laundos, that was probably an outpost of Cividade de Terroso. Gallaecians castrfxa cattle for meat, milk and butter production; they also used oxen for dragging carts and ploughs, [21] while horses were used mainly for human transportation.

Large quantities of acorns have been found hoarded in culura hill-fortsas they were used for bread production once toasted and crushed in granite stone mills.

Gates to these oppida become monumental and frequently have sculptures of warriors. These native cities or citadels were characterised by their size and by urban features such as paved streets equipped with channels for stormwater runoff, reservoirs of potable water, and evidence of urban planning. Torque de Foxados, Museo de PontevedraGalicia.

This is especially true in the municipality of Vila do Conde, which holds Cividade de Bagunte, one of the largest sites, cadtrexa with seven other castros.

Triskelion of the oppidum of Coeliobriga Galicia. Votive inscription to Lugus: Votive inscription to Cosus: Reconstructed hut of a larger family nucleus in the Santa Tegra oppida Galicia. The Castro culture emerged during the first two centuries of the first millennium BCE, in the culturra extending from the Douro river up to the Minhobut soon expanding north along the coast, and east following the river valleys, [4] reaching the mountain ranges which separate the Atlantic coast of the Iberian peninsula from the central plateau or meseta.

Baths or sauna at Punta dos Prados hill-fort, OrtigueiraGalicia. Pedra Formosa in Castro das Eiras, Portugal. Revista eumesa de estudios. Gold, iron, copper, tin and lead were the most common ores mined. The deity probably had an association with water, the sky and the earth. Head sculptures, Museo ccultura Pontevedra Votive sacrificial bronze, with a cauldron and a torc, Museo de Pontevedra. In coastal areas, fishing and collecting shellfish were important activities: During the initial centuries of the first millennium BC bronze was still the most used metal, although iron was progressively introduced.

There is a cividade toponym in Bragaa citadel established by Augustus, although there are no archaeological findings apart from an ancient parish name and pre-Roman baths. From a theonymical point of view, this suggest some ethno-cultural differences between the coast and inland areas. This deity has not been recorded in the same areas as Bandua, Reue and Nabia deities occur, and El Bierzo follows the same pattern as in caztrexa coast.

During the transition of the Bronze to the Iron Age, from the Douro in modern northern Portugal and up along the coasts of Galicia [7] until the central regions of Asturias, the settlement in artificially fortified places substituted the old open settlement model.

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