Geoffroea is a rather small genus of wild spiny shrubs or small trees of tropical and subtropical South America. Burkart Geoffroea spinosa Jacq. S Afr J Bot. The contrasting colors and textures created by this puzzle-piece pattern make the tree visually fascinating. Geoffroea decorticans Gillies ex Hook.
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Morphology[ edit ] The common name Chilean Palo Verde comes from the mottled green color of the trunks but does not seriously resemble Cercidium. As trees mature the trunks and branches take on a sculptural quality with long longitudinal, irregular ridges and valleys. Along with this undulating trunk, large flakes of the bark peel off or decorticate hence the species name decorticans.
The peeling tan to brown bark is eventually shed revealing the dark green, "immature" trunk beneath. The contrasting colors and textures created by this puzzle-piece pattern make the tree visually fascinating. The tree flowers in spring, either singly or in clusters. Geoffroea decorticans is unique among legumes in that it produces fleshy, oval pods that hold a single seed. Fruit are initially green but turn deep orange as they mature.
Distribution and habitat[ edit ] This tree inhabits dry to arid spiniferous forests in a rather broad area of southern South America which extends mainly through I to IV regions of Chile and central and northern Argentina and throughout highland Bolivia , though it is also found in Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay. Its companions conforming the forest are usually algarrobos , quebrachos , and the related and very abundant cavens. In Chile, G. The latter is the record low temperature for Santiago del Estero, Argentina, where G.
Mature fruits. Usage[ edit ] The seeds and fruit, being edible, are valued as human and animal feed, and the yellow wood is suitable for carpentry and furniture making once dry. It is also used as fuel and to make cheap posts for fences. Extremely sweet, dark and thick, this is very similar to honey or vegetable molasses and is used in their place. It is locally known to alleviate sore throats and coughing.
GEOFFROEA SPINOSA PDF