This massive work is well organized. You should buy BOTH volumes 1 and 2 in order to properly use the dictionary. Keep in mind that volume 2 contains the various indexes for both volumes and part of the huge dictionary of ancient Egyptian words and the index of all the English words. So you need both volumes! There are numerous very useful comments and insights into the ancient cultures of the Nile.
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This massive work is well organized. You should buy BOTH volumes 1 and 2 in order to properly use the dictionary. Keep in mind that volume 2 contains the various indexes for both volumes and part of the huge dictionary of ancient Egyptian words and the index of all the English words. So you need both volumes! There are numerous very useful comments and insights into the ancient cultures of the Nile. Budge was an expert in Semitic The two volume Hieroglyphic Dictionary is still a very useful work.
Budge was an expert in Semitic languages and in Coptic. He was a talented and skilled linguist who could read the ancient Egyptian language as well, if not better than most scholars today. Many points of ancient Egyptian grammar and exact word meanings are unknown and much of what passes for "modern scholarship" is mere guesswork!
After many, many years of study of almost every aspect of ancient Egypt culture, Budge abandoned the pure assertion that ancient Egypt was an "Oriental" or "Eastern culture". Africa is not a part of human history; Ancient Egypt belongs to Europe. The concept of the "ka" and the "ba" are found almost everywhere in Black Africa today! In spite of the anti-African racism that we find in his earlier and even his later works, Budge rose above the strong prejudices of his time and followed the facts.
The facts led to the heart of Africa, not to Asia. Budge seems to be thinking out aloud when he writes in the Introduction of Vol. But even admitting all the similarities that Erman has claimed. There is, it is true, much in the Pyramid Texts that recalls points and details of Semitic Grammar,but after deducting all the triliteral roots, there still remains a very large number of words that are not Semitic, and were never invented by a Semitic people. These words are monosyllabic, and were invented by one of the oldest African or Hamitic, if that word be preferred ,peoples in the Valley of the Nile of whose written language we have any remains.
These words are used to express fundamental relationships and feelings, and beliefs which are peculiarly African and are foreign in every particular to Semitic peoples. The primitive home of the people who invented these words lay far to the south of Egypt, and all that we know of the Predynastic Egyptians suggests that it was in the neighborhood of the Great Lakes, probably to the east of them".
Like Champollion,Budge was a true scholar who followed the facts where ever those facts led. Many modern African scholars have confirmed that the language of ancient Egypt was a "typical" Black African language. For example Dr. No competent linguist can demonstrate that the language of ancient Egypt has any genetic relationship to the Semitic languages In fact, Dr.
Theophile Obenga, a native speaker of Mbochi, Lingala and several other African languages, has put forth a new classification of African languages based on modern linguistics. When you study the language of ancient Egypt you study an ancient Black African language Budge dared follow the truth-even if it led him outside of the Eurocentric white supremacy intellectual paradigm.
Most Eurocentric scholars go along with the program-they place tenure,acceptance and prestige above scholarship. The world of Western scholarship can sometimes be too narrow , too petty and too deeply rooted in its religious,cultural and racial dogmas. Ethnocentrism seems to almost always distort scholarship. Modern African scholars such as Theophile Obenga, Cheikh Anta Diop, Babacar Sall and a host of others have demonstrated time and time again that the language of "Ancient Egypt" can be only fully understand within its Black African social, religious, ethnic and cultural contexts.
The old Greenberg classification of African languages must be rejected in the face of the works of Obenga. It is now understood that the language of ancient Egypt can not be fully understood outside of its Negro African cultural, ethnic, social and religious context. This huge two volume dictionary would be a welcomed addition to any serious student of the ancient language of Kmt Egypt.
An Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary Vol 2
An Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary Vol 1
An Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary, Vol. 1
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