Shelves: culture-critique , history , phil-of-science , sociology , europe This is a wonderful book by Latour, published close to his Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society although translated into English later. But the sociology of the sciences is too often powerless, because it thinks it knows what society is made up of. Faithful to its tradition, it usually defines society as made up of groups, interests, intentions, and conflicts of interest… The exact sciences elude social analysis not because they are distant or separated from society, but because they revolutionize the very conception of society and of what it comprises. The temporal framework itself is useless. What makes the history of the sciences - so respectable elsewhere - usually disappointing is that it sets out from time in order to explain the agents and their movements, whereas the temporal framework merely registers after the event the victory of certain agents.
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They do so much more. By hybridizing the hygienists and the Pasteurians the power of both was increased. This unique trial layour have contributed to his politico-scientific theory of network — if I call like that — coupled with his next work, We Have Never Been Modern.
The Pasteurization of France by Bruno Latour Something would surely be gained by this: Sur- rounded by violence and disputation, we would hke to see clearings — whether isolated or connected — from which would emerge incon- trovertible, effective actions.
It was to try to distinguish retrospectively what had been in- tentionally confused. There was a problem providing the content you requested Harvard University Press Amazon. In Stokes sums up the state of Strong Microbes and Weak Hygienists 17 the new British medicine, already highly developed, and defines the new deal of poUtical action: Take an infantile disease like the ophthalmia of the newborn, a cause, say the statistics, of 30 percent of those born blind.
But the soci- ology of the sciences is too often powerless, because it thinks it knows what society is made up of. With the Pasteurian innovation, there left nothing untouched by its impact. Jasper rated it it was amazing Feb 10, At least, this was the impression gathered in Saint Petersburg by the czar, who offered Kutuzov a diamond star, his chief of staff, Benningsen, diamonds and a hundred thousand roubles in cash, and promotion to many of his officers.
What can one man do? But in my reading, translation is about interests and intentions. In order pasteurizatipn interest the social movement of which the hygienists were the spokes- men, a doctrine was needed that explained the variation of the vir- ulence in terms compatible with the problems involved in transforming the towTis and the living environment to which the hygienists had devoted their attention. With a powerful disinfectant, silver nitrate.
A juster approach would be to treat both victors and defeated sym- metrically. The analyst does not have to know.
The surgeons passed from a total attack to a specific attack, or in other words, from a full totality to a hollowed out totality. Not only surgery was simplified and strengthened, but hygiene as a whole, which could vindicate its advice by concentrating its forces on the obligatory points of passage. Since anything might cause illness, it was necessary to act upon everything at once, but to Strong Microbes and Weak Hygienists 21 act everywhere is to act nowhere.
They go out to meet the public, but they also meet cholera and die. We must analyze these beliefs in the power of what is in germ in the same terms as when Koch, proposing a vaccine against tubercu- losis at the International Congress of Medecine inis besieged by patients from all over Europe possessed of the hope of being cured. The prob- lem is no longer to defend science against religion, abuses, brown- shirts, or devious corporate interests. From pasteurizstion only point of view known to statistics, latoru mis- cellany of disparate facts can only produce the following: Yet they added something of their own, something that seemed essential to those who adopted it in order to pursue their own projects of sani- tation.
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They do so much more. By hybridizing the hygienists and the Pasteurians the power of both was increased. This unique trial layour have contributed to his politico-scientific theory of network — if I call like that — coupled with his next work, We Have Never Been Modern. The Pasteurization of France by Bruno Latour Something would surely be gained by this: Sur- rounded by violence and disputation, we would hke to see clearings — whether isolated or connected — from which would emerge incon- trovertible, effective actions. It was to try to distinguish retrospectively what had been in- tentionally confused.
Bruno Latour – The Pasteurization of France
Table of Contents What can one man accomplish, even a great man and brilliant scientist? Although every town in France has a street named for Louis Pasteur, was he alone able to stop people from spitting, persuade them to dig drains, influence them to undergo vaccination? It is the operation of these forces, in combination with the talent of Pasteur, that Bruno Latour sets before us as a prime example of science in action. Latour argues that the triumph of the biologist and his methodology must be understood within the particular historical convergence of competing social forces and conflicting interests. Yet Pasteur was not the only scientist working on the relationships of microbes and disease. How was he able to galvanize the other forces to support his own research?
The Pasteurization of France
Biography[ edit ] Latour is related to a well-known family of winemakers from Burgundy , but is not associated with the similarly named estate in Bordeaux. He was deeply influenced by Michel Serres. Latour went on to earn his Ph. He developed an interest in anthropology , and undertook fieldwork in Ivory Coast which resulted in a brief monograph on decolonization, race, and industrial relations. Taylor , on whom Latour has had an important influence. Latour rose in importance[ citation needed ] following the publication of Laboratory Life: the Social Construction of Scientific Facts with co-author Steve Woolgar.
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