Biography[ edit ] Agathias was a native of Myrina Mysia. His father was Memnonius. His mother was presumably Pericleia. A brother of Agathias is mentioned in primary sources, but his name has not survived.
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The rather careless handwriting dates from the end of the 12th century; a few iotas adscript; mistakes in orthography are fairly numerous ; there are some omissions 9, Before being bound the volume had lost quaternions in five places; a late 14th?
On the margins of A and of A1 are scholia, which appear to be by the same hand as the text. The regular and careful handwriting belongs to the 11th century; there are very few abbreviations ; a few iotas adscript ; orthographical mistakes are very rare. The same scribe, apparently, but with different ink, has revised the text and carefully corrected the mistakes, especially those of breathing, accent, and iotacism.
There are scholia on the margins, in two different handwritings : L probably by the same hand as the text, and Ls by a later hand.
John Codex Patmiacus Sakellion , 31 centim. The manuscript is on paper and is unbound, most of the leaves are entirely detached ; the first and last are missing. Careful 13th century hand. Five leaves at least have disappeared: two after f. Paper manuscript: f. See the description that M. VI, p. The small and rather careless handwriting seems to date from the beginning of the 14th century.
The numerous abbreviations are often indistinct. There are a good many iotas subscript. In the margin there are scholia by the same hand as the text. Derived from B. Not collated by Bidez and Parmentier. These four MSS. The archetype x already contained the marginal notes that are found in AL or in ALB, and also doubtless those that are found in A only, and which are decidedly of the same character. It seems probable too that some of the marginal corrections of A were already noted in x, and were introduced later in the text of LPB by the corrector of z see below, and , 10; scholia , 8.
The existence of a special archetype for the group LPB is proved by many mistakes and omissions in common, for example: 30, 1. Among the readings of LPB there are a good many which come from a process of revision which M. A is therefore the most important MS. We have reproduced the version of A in the text, and we have adopted that of z only in cases where we find in A one of its usual mistakes: defective orthography, careless blunders 11, We have also preferred the text of z in those passages 58, In group z, B differs often from LP, independently of cases in which it has special mistakes.
For example in 17, Sometimes indeed B alone gives the right reading: 44, 23 A is missing. P errs chiefly through omissions.
It resembles L closely 38, 20, Moreover the contents of the two MSS. P does not however seem to be a copy of L : 25, Many of the readings peculiar to L are those of an intelligent reviser : 60, L is by far the least faulty of the representatives of class z, and where A fails it is L that has helped.
The text of A1 stands to B in very much the same relation as the text of P to L : 48, To recapitulate, A represents the oldest state of the text ; its tradition dates from the period when Evagrius was still preserved separately. At the period of the revival of learning a copy was used by the members of the literary circle of Photius. It was doubtless at the same period, and perhaps even from the hands of the same scholars, that a copy x received the oldest of our scholia cf.
From this copy, A, which is not altered by learned corrections, is derived. Drawing from the same source x an unknown philologist unites Socrates and Evagrius in one revised edition z , which perhaps formed part of a corpus of ecclesiastical historians. It is from copies of this edition z that BA1 are derived on the one hand, and on the other the archetype of LP. The beautiful volume of the Laurentian L was written for the convent of St Michael, by a monk who carefully revised it and added new scholia Ls.
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Epiphania, Coelesyria, ; d. Evagrius wrote an Ecclesiastical History that goes from the Council of Ephesus to August and includes secular history also. He is orthodox and reliable except in chronology , makes use of good sources listed at the end of book five for books one to four , and was a contemporary and often eyewitness of events in books five and six; his work is important and authoritative. Evagrius was attorney for Gregory, Patriarch of Antioch, drew up his official reports, and accompanied him as professional adviser when he appeared before a synod in Constantinople to clear himself of a charge of incest. He published a collection now lost of miscellaneous compositions together with the patriarchal, official reports that earned him an honorary questorship from the Emperor Tiberius II; he was given an honorary prefecture by Emperor Maurice for a panegyric on the occasion of the birth of his first son, Theodosius.
Evagrius Scholasticus, Ecclesiastical History (AD 431-594)
THE very few particulars which are known respecting the author of the following History, are gathered from the history itself. Evagrius was a native of Epiphania on the Orontes, and his birth may be fixed about A. He was by profession a Scholasticus, or advocate, and by this title he is commonly distinguished from other persons of the same name. The earliest circumstance which the historian mentions respecting himself, is his visit when a child, in company with his parents, to Apamea, to witness the solemn display of the wood of the cross, amidst the consternation caused by the sack of Antioch by Chosroes Book IV. The history, in many places, shows a minute familiarity with the localities of Antioch: and the prominent interest which the writer variously manifests in that city and its fortunes, can only be accounted for by supposing that it was his ordinary residence, and the principal scene of his professional practice. In his description of the great pestilence which continued its viii ravages throughout the empire for more than fifty years, he mentions that he himself was attacked by the disease in his childhood, and that subsequently he lost by it his first wife, besides several relatives and members of his household, and among them in particular a daughter with her child Book IV. Evagrius accompanied Gregory, patriarch of Antioch, as his professional adviser, when he appeared before a synod at Constantinople to clear himself from a charge of incest Book VI.
THE very few particulars which are known respecting the author of the following History, are gathered from the history itself. Evagrius was a native of Epiphania on the Orontes, and his birth may be fixed about A. He was by profession a Scholasticus, or advocate, and by this title he is commonly distinguished from other persons of the same name. The earliest circumstance which the historian mentions respecting himself, is his visit when a child, in company with his parents, to Apamea, to witness the solemn display of the wood of the cross, amidst the consternation caused by the sack of Antioch by Chosroes Book IV. The history, in many places, shows a minute familiarity with the localities of Antioch: and the prominent interest which the writer variously manifests in that city and its fortunes, can only be accounted for by supposing that it was his ordinary residence, and the principal scene of his professional practice.
Offenbar genoss Euagrios in Rechtsangelegenheiten einen guten Ruf, denn er begleitete Gregor nach Konstantinopel, wo er ihn in einem Prozess verteidigte. Euagrios war mehrmals verheiratet und hatte mehrere Kinder. Nach dem Tod seiner ersten Frau, die an den Folgen der Pest verstorben war, heiratete er im Oktober nochmals. Die Kirchengeschichte des Euagrios gilt als das letzte bedeutende antike Werk dieser Gattung. Die Tradition der Kirchengeschichte wurde dann erst in nachantiker Zeit wieder aufgegriffen.