Names[ edit ] Particularly in horticulture , the name coral tree is used as a collective term for these plants. Flame tree is another vernacular name, but may refer to a number of unrelated plants as well. Many species of Erythrina have bright red flowers, and this may be the origin of the common name. However, the growth of the branches can resemble the shape of sea coral rather than the color of Corallium rubrum specifically, and this is an alternative source for the name. Mullumurikku is a widespread name in Kerala. Description and ecology[ edit ] Asian pied starling Gracupica contra feeding on Indian coral tree E.
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Uses Occasionally planted as a hedge and as a support for the betel vine in Assam and Bengal. Young leaves are eaten, raw or boiled, as a vegetable in Java. In Puerto Rico, trees have been planted in pastures and along fences and roads as ornamental shade trees. Elsewhere, they are used for cacao and coffee shade and living fence posts.
Heartwood is light yellow to yellowish-brown and moderately soft. The lightweight wood is weak, not durable, and scarcely suitable for lumber. Reported to have the same medicinal attributes as Erythrina indica, whose bark is used for fever, hepatosis, malaria, rheumatism, toothache, also for boils and fractures.
Perry cites many more uses for Erythrina indica. The bark is used for poulticing fresh wounds in Malasia. Boiled roots are taken internally or externally for beri-beri.
Grated wood used for hematuria Perry, The root is used for rheumatism. Chemistry Per g, the leaves are reported to contain 60 calories, Leaves contain ZMB : calories, Seeds contain the alkaloid erythraline. The similarity in alkaloid and amino acid patterns in E. Flowers thick, mostly 3 per node, in large, terminal, somewhat pendent racemes; pedicels stout, turned away from apex, ca 2 cm long; flowers showy, pale orange; stamens diadelphous, green, gradually arched, about halfway exserted.