East Africa. Raynal Calyx lobes triangular or lanceolate, apex acute, margin narrowly scarious: Leaf apex rounded or occasionally subacute but not acuminate , mucronate; capsule c. Asia, Africa. Leaf blade gradually tapering to an acuminate apex; capsule c. Small herbaceous plant found in Ahmednagar dist. Fruits not seen.
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East Africa. Raynal Calyx lobes triangular or lanceolate, apex acute, margin narrowly scarious: Leaf apex rounded or occasionally subacute but not acuminate , mucronate; capsule c. Asia, Africa. Leaf blade gradually tapering to an acuminate apex; capsule c. Small herbaceous plant found in Ahmednagar dist. Fruits not seen. Enicostema axillare of Gentianaceae. A habitat-specific plant generally grows on clay soils around waterbodies, considered very important by local healers.
This small herb was seen by me at the out skirts of Mumbai. Response from Synonyms: E. Raynal, Adansonia 9: 75, ; Singh et al,Fl. Nice pictures!
In Kachchh, where it thrives willingly at this time of the year, I have seen tribal folk using the leaves in a steam inhalation for cough and congestion, and the leaf juice mixed with ginger for alleviation of fever.
A decoction of the bitter leaves and black pepper is useful in common cold; have tried this myself with good effect. Since it is a monsoon herb, the leaves are dried and preserved. Was told by a senior Ayurvedic physician from Bhavnagar that Mameyjavo is comparable to Kariyatu [Andrographis paniculata] as a bitter tonic.
I would like to know the correct spelling of the genus since several sources are at a variance. The genus is Enicostema. There is no such genus as Enicostemma with a double "m" although this erroneous spelling is repeatedly used and leads to unnecessary discrepancies. Attached herewith are images from my collection with flowers fully bloomed. This is somewhat rarely found plant. Good find. Was this growing wild? Agree with It is Enicostema littorale, an important medicinal plant.
According to The Plant List , E. It is a fairly common monsoon herb in Kachchh. Sharing my pictures of this plant in a separate email. Enicostemma littoralis A perennial herb from Gentianaceae It may also be subsp.
Yes, it is Enicostema axillare subsp. Please consider this under E. A bitter herb with a wide range of medicinal uses, Enicostema littorale thrives in the sandy soil of Kachchh in the monsoon.
The last picture with the 5-merous and the 4-merous flower depicts an unusual aberrant instance of variable merosity in this herb; usually, it bears pentamerous flowers only. The capsules are crowned with the marcescent corolla as can be seen in the third picture. The stem is quadrangular. Leaves opposite-decussate, narrow, sessile, and three-nerved; leaf size: 8 cm x 1. This herb is around 20 cm tall.
Photographed in June in Koday, South Kachchh. Thank you for sharing these wonderful images. The leaves seem to be little broader and is there a fine white lining along the margin? If yes they are missing from plant images I had shared earlier. Thanks for your comments, The leaf margin is very finely ciliate and the chalky border is indeed prominent. I think it is quite pronounced in the first picture posted by Have attached another picture clicked in July near Chobari, East Kachchh for your reference.
Nice photographs and a very good presentation on plant details. Since we seem to have both the following: Enicostema axillare subsp. Raynal, comb. Raynal, stat. Am giving an English translation of her key to the subspecies of E. Anthers very briefly apiculate. Old World. Raynal Calyx lobes obovate to suborbicular, apex rounded, mucronate, margin widely scarious. Have attached a couple of plates depicting certain distinctive morphological features of these subspecies from her paper.
In light of this information, it is quite clear that my photographs are that of Enicostema axillare subsp. Enicostemma littorale : Gentianaceae Photographed in Talegaon. Nice catch Last year i had spotted this herb here in Mumbai. Will share the same shortly. It may also be subsp. Enicostema axillare subsp. Attachments 4. Raynal, Adansonia 9: 75, ; Singh et al, Fl. Plant for ID mixed thread : 2 correct images.
Is there white resin coming out from the leaves when breaking? If yes then it could be Ficus. Beautiful pictures of Enicostemma littorale, a very important medicinal plant. As said by It is a short plant that was growing in a meadow.
Enicostemma Axillare Herb Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients
Similar results of Concentration MIC this plant  on chloroform, ethyl acetate and The MIC was also evaluated axiloare the hydro alcoholic extracts was found as effective antibacterial activity of more effective on E. File:A image of Enicostemma axillare. Wound swabs obtained from ten injured patients at Government hospital, led to the isolation of bacteria using standard methods, the microorganisms were isolated. Isolation of Wound Isolates Wound swabs were obtained at unit of wound The medicinal value of drug plants is due to patients from Government hospital, the presence of some chemical substances in Mannargudi, Tamilnadu. The detect the medical properties of the plant. Modes of action at the dose levels tested. The sterile nutrient agar plates were prepared and the test The present study was aimed to investigate the pathogens spread over, after bacterial lawn antibacterial activity of Enicostemma axillare preparation, the plant extract discs were placed against wound pathogens.
ENICOSTEMMA AXILLARE PDF
Planta Med. Epub Nov Antiedematogenic and free radical scavenging activity of swertiamarin isolated from Enicostemma axillare. Vaijanathappa J 1 , Badami S.