ENERGIJA - BURAN PDF

Stuck with your paper? Say: Write my paper for me and get it done. Buran space shuttle and the Energia launcher The Buran-Energia project was created at the beginning of the seventies to counter the American shuttle. Indeed, the american shuttle was seen by the Soviet leaders as a formidable military asset, so they decided to create one. This program was the most ambitious project of the history of the Soviet space conquest.

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Buran The facilities and infrastructure built for the N1 were reused for Energia notably the huge horizontal assembly building , just as NASA reused infrastructure designed for the Saturn V in the Space Shuttle program. Energia also replaced the "Vulkan" concept, which was a design based on the Proton rocket family and using the same hypergolic propellants , but much larger and more powerful.

The "Vulkan" designation was later given to a variation of the Energia which has eight boosters and multiple stages. Polyus satellite on Energia launch vehicle The Energia was designed to launch the Soviet " Buran " reusable shuttle, [6] and for that reason was designed to carry its payload mounted on the side of the stack, rather than on the top, as is done with other launch vehicles.

Design of the Energia-Buran system assumed that the booster could be used without the Buran orbiter, as a heavy-lift cargo launch vehicle; this configuration was originally given the name "Buran-T". First launch Energia-Polyus [ edit ] The Energia was first test-launched on 15 May , with the Polyus spacecraft as the payload. A FGB "Functional Cargo Block" engine section originally built as a cancelled Mir module was incorporated into the upper stage used to eject the payload into orbit, similarly to Buran and the US Space Shuttle performing the final orbital insertion, since the planned "Buran-T" upper stage had not yet progressed beyond the planning stage.

Instead, the Polyus reentered the atmosphere over the Pacific Ocean. This mission launched the uncrewed Soviet Shuttle vehicle, Buran. At apogee, the Buran spacecraft made a Ever since, there have been persistent rumors of the renewal of production, but given the current political realities, that is highly unlikely. While the Energia is no longer in production, the Zenit boosters are still in production and in use.

The four strap-on liquid-fuel boosters , which burned kerosene and liquid oxygen, were the basis of the Zenit rocket which used the same engines. The engine is the four combustion chamber RD Its derivative, the RD , is still used on the Zenit rocket.

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