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He was initially schooled at the Scottish Church Collegiate School. Career[ edit ] While working as a town planner in India, England and Nigeria, he entered theatre as an actor, moved to direction, but soon started writing plays, starting with comedies.
Badal Sirkar did experiments with theatrical environments such as stage, costumes and presentation and established a new genre of theatre called "Third Theatre". He started his acting career in , when he acted in his own play, Bara Trishna, performed by Chakra, a theatre group. Eventually still employed in Nigeria, he wrote his landmark play Ebong Indrajit And Indrajit in , which was first published and performed in and catapulted him into instant fame, as it captured "the loneliness of post-Independence urban youth with dismaying accuracy".
In the next five years of its existence the troupe performed several of his plays and had a profound impact on contemporary theatre, especially after when it started performing plays both indoors and outside amidst people, and evolved the angan manch courtyard stage and inspired by the direct communication techniques of Jatra rural theatre form, to eventually become his "Third Theatre", a protest against prevalent commercial theatre establishment.
Often performed in "found" spaces rather than rented theatre halls, without elaborate lighting, costumes or make-up, where audience was no longer a passive, rather became participatory, it added a new realism to contemporary dramaturgy , retaining thematic sophistication of social committed theatre all the while, and thus started a new wave of experimental theatre in Indian theatre. These open-air and free performances led to his troupe travelling to nearby villages on other weekends, where it employed minimal props and improvised dialogues to involve audience further into the performance.
Though he continued to hold his job till , as a playwright he rose to prominence in the s and was one of the leading figures in the revival of street theatre in Bengal.
He revolutionised Bengali theatre with his wrath-ridden, anti-establishment plays during the Naxalite movement. He is a proponent of the "Third theatre" movement that stood ideologically against the state.
Third theatre involved street plays, with actors being attired no differently than the audience. Also the formal bindings of the proscenium theatre was given up. He died on 13 May at Kolkata at the age of Legacy[ edit ] Badal Sircar influenced a number of film directors, theatre directors as well as writers of his time. Film director Mira Nair in an interview mentioned, "For me, Kolkata was a formative city while growing up I learned to play cricket in Kolkata, but more than anything, I learned to read Badal Sircar and watch plays written by him for street theatre.
To the group, it is one of the plays that is not often staged in the Kolkata Theatre Circuit, and has all the spices of love, laughter and fear.
EBONG INDRAJIT PDF
‘Ebong Indrajit’ by Badal Sarkar