DE RE MILITARI VEGETIUS PDF

Claude Sorgeloos [Brussels, ], p. V , and pl. XXI, Pal V , bounded by sets of three heavy rules, edges stained green, front and back covers in excellent condition, with the tooling crisp and attractive, some wear and cracking along the edges of the spine. Dimensions x mm. This treatise on warfare written in the late fourth century by Vegetius was widely copied in the Middle Ages and translated into French, Italian, English, German, and Spanish.

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Claude Sorgeloos [Brussels, ], p. V , and pl. XXI, Pal V , bounded by sets of three heavy rules, edges stained green, front and back covers in excellent condition, with the tooling crisp and attractive, some wear and cracking along the edges of the spine. Dimensions x mm. This treatise on warfare written in the late fourth century by Vegetius was widely copied in the Middle Ages and translated into French, Italian, English, German, and Spanish. From Antiquity to modern times, it enjoyed great popularity.

The present fifteenth-century copy is noteworthy not only for its excellent condition, but also for the careful contemporary corrections to the text; it is besides one of the very few not studied by the modern editor, M.

Although numerous medieval copies of the text survive, only four are recorded in American libraries, and worldwide very few copies are in private collections. Provenance 1.

Written in Germany in the first half of the fifteenth century, based on the evidence of the watermark and the script. Nineteenth-century stamp, ff. Text ff. Secuntur capitula in librum primum. Romanos omnes gentes sola armorum ….

Capitulum 1. Flavi vegecii liber quartus explicit. The De re militari or Epitoma rei militaris, was likely written in the late fourth century, certainly sometime between and , by Flavius Publius Vegetius Renatus, a high-ranking member of the Roman civil service. The Epitoma rei militaris was the most influential and widely read military treatise during the Middle Ages. The popularity of the text continued into the Renaissance Machiavelli used it in his writings , and indeed, into the nineteenth century.

George Washington apparently carried with him into battle an annotated copy of the English translation perhaps that of Lieutenant John Clarke translated in and reprinted in The text consists of five books. The first book treats the selection, training, and discipline of recruits. The second book deals with the organization and officers of the legion, the ancient system of promotion, and how to form the legion for battle. The third book deals with tactics and strategy and it was this portion of Vegetius that influenced war in the Middle Ages so greatly.

The fourth and fifth books, both very brief, deal with the attack and defense of fortified places and with naval operations. The text of the present manuscript is divided into four books; each prefaced by a list of chapters, beginning on f.

The text has been carefully corrected throughout in a contemporary hand, which supplies omissions, as well as alters incorrect readings. Further study of the corrections would be useful to our understanding of how Vegetius was read, perhaps in humanist circles, in the fifteenth century.

The text was extremely popular throughout the Middle Ages, and circulated both in Latin and in many vernacular translations, including English, French, and Bulgarian before the beginning of printing. It survives in over two hundred complete Latin manuscripts dating from the ninth through the fifteenth centuries, as well as in fifty-one excerpts cf. Shrader, , pp. The first printed edition was made in Utrecht in It was followed in quick succession by editions in Cologne, Paris and Rome.

It was first published in English by Caxton, from an English manuscript copy, in The most recent edition is by Reeve , but many other editions, translations, and commentaries precede it. A complete study of the text of the present manuscript and its annotations remains for future scholars.

Medieval Literary Responses to Warfare, eds. Charles, Michael B. Vegetius in Context. Milner, N. Reeve, M. Scriptorum classicorum bibliotheca oxoniensis, Oxford: Clarendon Reeve, Michael D. Shrader, Charles R. Online resources Charles, Michael B. Reeve, ed.

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Edit Vegetius based his treatise on descriptions of Roman armies, especially those of the mid to late Republic. Vegetius explains how one should fortify and organise a camp, how to train troops, how to handle undisciplined troops, how to handle a battle engagement, how to march, formation gauge, and many other useful methods of promoting organisation and valour in the legion. The treatise is carefully laid out in subsections. They are organized into four books: Book I Edit The first book, headed Primus liber electionem edocet iuniorum, ex quibus locis uel quales milites probandi sint aut quibus armorum exercitiis imbuendi, explains the selection of recruits, from which places and what kinds of men are soldiers to be authorised and with what exercises of arms they are to be indoctrinated. Vegetius also describes in detail the organisation training and equipment of the army of the early Empire. Portraying the military decadence of the Late Roman Empire, it is a plea for army reform.

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De Re Militari

Sources[ edit ] Vegetius based his treatise on descriptions of Roman armies, especially those of the mid to late Republic. Vegetius explains how one should fortify and organise a camp, how to train troops, how to handle undisciplined troops, how to handle a battle engagement, how to march, formation gauge, and many other useful methods of promoting organisation and valour in the legion. The treatise is carefully laid out in subsections. They are organized into four books: Book I[ edit ] The first book, headed Primus liber electionem edocet iuniorum, ex quibus locis uel quales milites probandi sint aut quibus armorum exercitiis imbuendi, explains the selection of recruits, from which places and what kinds of men are soldiers to be authorised and with what exercises of arms they are to be indoctrinated. Vegetius also describes in detail the organisation, training and equipment of the army of the early Empire. Portraying the military decadence of the Late Roman Empire, it is a plea for army reform. Book II[ edit ] The second book, Secundus liber ueteris militiae continet morem, ad quem pedestris institui possit exercitus, contains traditional military practices with which infantry can be created.

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De re militari

Vegetius explains how one should fortify and organize a camp, how to train troops, how to handle undisciplined troops, how to handle a battle engagement, how to march, formation gauge and many other useful methods of promoting organization and valour in the legion. Despite this, Watson doubts its value, for Vegetius "was neither a historian nor a soldier: his work is a compilation carelessly constructed from material of all ages, a congeries of inconsistencies". Vegetius also describes in detail the organisation, training and equipment of the army of the early Empire. The third book contains a series of military maxims, which were appropriately enough, considering the similarity in the military conditions of the two ages the foundation of military learning for every European commander from William the Silent to Frederick the Great.

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