Biografia[ modifica modifica wikitesto ] La fonte principale che ci informa sulla vita di Psello sono le sue stesse opere, che contengono ampi passaggi autobiografici. Michele Psello nacque probabilmente a Costantinopoli , in una famiglia originaria di Nicomedia che contava tra i suoi avi membri della classe patrizia e consolare. Psellos, che significa balbuziente, era probabilmente un soprannome dovuto ad un suo difetto di pronuncia. Dal momento che i suoi passaggi autobiografici si interrompono in questo punto, ci sono poche informazioni attendibili sui suoi ultimi anni. Alcuni studiosi ritengono che Psello si sia ritirato di nuovo in monastero in un anno imprecisato del decennio
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His writing contains extensive information pertaining to his life. He had a vast political career, and he contributed in many aspects of science and mathematics. A drawing of Michael Psellus. His original name was Constantine Psellus. During the first half of his life, he is politically active.
He was a secretary to a provincial judge, so he could help raise a dowry for his sister. Sadly, that all changed when his sister passed away. He gave up his position and resumed his studies. This lead him to meet some rather important people, including the later emperor Constantine X Doukas. This eventually lead him to become a political adviser to emperor Constantine IX Monomachos.
He entered the Olympus monastery. Constantine gave up his worldly possession when entering the monastery, this included his name. However, he got to chose a new name for his rebirth into this religion. He chose Michael. He stayed in politics for twenty years, until eventually he decides to resume his life in the monastery. Psellus done many great things in his life, contributing to politics, mathematics, and science. However, we are primarily going to be concentrating on his work in demonology.
This well-known example of his work in demonology is De Operatione Daemonum , known as a classification of demons. An excerpt from the book is as follows: There were in all six species of demons, I know not whether subdividing the entire genus by their habit!
It goes further in depth, speaking hypothetically over the existence of the unknown. It debates idly upon how demons operate, and the classification of them. This piece of literature provided much insight into the work of demons, helping the church and demonologists everywhere.
Classification of demons
Vocabulum Daemonialitatis primo inventum reperio a Jo. Caramuele in sua Theologia fundamentali, nec ante illum inveni Auctorem, qui de hoc crimine tanquam distincto a Bestialitate locutus sit. Omnes enim Theologi Morales, secuti D. Thomam, 2. Thomas, et proinde Cajetanus, in Commentario illius quaestionis et articuli, 2. Sed revera D.
Michaelis Pselli Operatione Daemonum Dialogus
Main article: Daemonologie King James wrote a dissertation titled Daemonologie that was first sold in , several years prior to the first publication of the King James Authorized Version of the Bible. Within 3 short books James wrote a dissertation in the form of a philosophical play, making arguments and comparisons between magic, sorcery and witchcraft but wrote also his classifications of demons into 4 sections. His classification were not based on separate demonic entities with their names, ranks, or titles but rather categorized them based on 4 methods used by any given devil to cause mischief or torment on a living individual or a deceased corpse. The purpose was to relay the belief that spirits caused maladies and that magic was possible only through demonic influence. He further quotes previous authors who state that each devil has the ability to appear in diverse shapes or forms for varying arrays of purposes as well.
Michael Psellus on the Operation of Daemons: De Operatione Daemonum
Sebastiani Richelii, Kiloni, [Kiel], Hardcover, 12mo 13 x 7. Text in Latin and Greek on opposite pages. Includes index of authors cited; with head- and tail-piece. First seven words of title in Greek letters: transcribed: Michaelou tou Psellou Peri energeias daimonon dialogos. Michael Constantine Psellus C.
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