Zanotti di "Psychosynthesis: a manual of principles and techniques". Istituto di Psicosintesi , postumo Lo sviluppo transpersonale a cura di M. Berti, Roberto Assagioli: profilo biografico degli anni di formazione, Firenze, Ed. Istituto di Psicosintesi B. Girasole, Ravenna, P.
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Psychosynthesis Star Diagram formulated by Roberto Assagioli "I" is the direct "reflection" or "projection" of Self Assagioli and the essential being of the person, distinct but not separate from all contents of experience. Psychosynthesis suggests that "we can experience the will as having four stages.
We might still feel that we cannot actually do it, but we know It is "I" who is aware of the psyche-soma contents as they pass in and out of awareness; the contents come and go, while "I" may remain present to each experience as it arises.
But "I" is dynamic as well as receptive: "I" has the ability to affect the contents of awareness and can even affect awareness itself, by choosing to focus awareness as in many types of meditation , expand it, or contract it.
Since "I" is distinct from any and all contents and structures of experience, "I" can be thought of as not a "self" at all but as "noself". That is, "I" is never the object of experience.
It is, in other words, not a new and different light but a projection of its luminous source". Self[ edit ] Pervading all the areas mapped by the oval diagram, distinct but not separate from all of them, is Self which has also been called Higher Self or Transpersonal Self. The concept of Self points towards a source of wisdom and guidance within the person, a source which can operate quite beyond the control of the conscious personality.
Relating to Self may lead for example to engagement with addictions and compulsions, to the heights of creative and religious experience, to the mysteries of unitive experience, to issues of meaning and mortality, to grappling with early childhood wounding, to discerning a sense of purpose and meaning in life.
The relationship of "I" and Self is paradoxical. Assagioli was clear that "I" and Self were from one point of view, one. He wrote, "There are not really two selves, two independent and separate entities.
The Self is one". But Assagioli also understood that there could be a meaningful relationship between the person and Self as well: Accounts of religious experiences often speak of a "call" from God, or a "pull" from some Higher Power; this sometimes starts a "dialogue" between the man [or woman] and this "higher Source" Rather, the potential for a conscious relationship with Self exists for every person at all times and may be assumed to be implicit in every moment of every day and in every phase of life, even when one does not recognize this.
This scheme can be called the "stages of psychosynthesis", and is presented here. It is important to note that although the linear progression of the following stages does make logical sense, these stages may not in fact be experienced in this sequence; they are not a ladder up which one climbs, but aspects of a single process.
Control of its various elements. Psychosynthesis: the formation or reconstruction of the personality around a new center. This approach allows for a wide variety of techniques and methods to be used within the psychosynthesis context.
Psychosynthesis offers an overall view which can help orient oneself within the vast array of different modalities available today, and be applied either for therapy or for self-actualization. Recently, two psychosynthesis techniques were shown to help student sojourners in their acculturation process. First, the self-identification exercise eased anxiety, an aspect of culture shock. Secondly, the subpersonality model aided students in their ability to integrate a new social identity. None of these important spheres of human existence need be reduced to the other, and each can find its right place in the whole.
This means that no matter what type of experience is engaged, and no matter what phase of growth is negotiated, the complexity and uniqueness of the person may be respected—a fundamental principle in any application of psychosynthesis.
Criticism[ edit ] In the December issue of Psychology Today , Assagioli was interviewed by Sam Keen and was asked to comment on the limits of psychosynthesis.
He answered paradoxically: "The limit of psychosynthesis is that it has no limits. It is too extensive, too comprehensive. Its weakness is that it accepts too much. It sees too many sides at the same time and that is a drawback. Psychosynthesis, p. Kerr, A Dangerous Method pp. Kerr, A Dangerous Method p.
Princeton, N. Toward a Psychology of Being. Van Nostrand Company, Inc. New York: The Viking Press. The Act of Will. New York: Penguin Books.
Cosa è la Psicosintesi
Roberto Assagioli in his own words