Start your review of Anyegin Write a review Shelves: my-childhood-bookshelves , reads , books-from-childhood-revisited I dare you, double-triple-dog dare you, to find a Russian person who has never heard of Evgeniy Onegin. If you do somehow manage to find this living-under-the-rock person, I unfortunately cannot provide you with a monetary reward since I have no money to speak of. Children read it in literature class and are made to memorize passages from it starting in elementary school. There are operas, ballets, and films. The phrases from it have become aphorisms and are still widely used in the Russian language.
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Descendants[ edit ] Pushkin had four children from his marriage to Natalia: Maria b. Only the lines of Alexander and Natalia still remain. Pushkin is also known for his short stories. Pushkin himself preferred his verse novel Eugene Onegin , which he wrote over the course of his life and which, starting a tradition of great Russian novels, follows a few central characters but varies widely in tone and focus.
Onegin is a work of such complexity that, though it is only about a hundred pages long, translator Vladimir Nabokov needed two full volumes of material to fully render its meaning in English. Even so, Pushkin has profoundly influenced western writers like Henry James.
Russian critics have traditionally argued that his works represent a path from Neoclassicism through Romanticism to Realism. An alternative assessment suggests that "he had an ability to entertain contrarities which may seem Romantic in origin, but are ultimately subversive of all fixed points of view, all single outlooks, including the Romantic" and that "he is simultaneously Romantic and not Romantic".
He is seen as having originated the highly nuanced level of language which characterizes Russian literature after him, and he is also credited with substantially augmenting the Russian lexicon. Whenever he found gaps in the Russian vocabulary, he devised calques.
His rich vocabulary and highly-sensitive style are the foundation for modern Russian literature. His accomplishments set new records for development of the Russian language and culture. He became the father of Russian literature in the 19th century, marking the highest achievements of the 18th century and the beginning of literary process of the 19th century.
He introduced Russia to all the European literary genres as well as a great number of West European writers. He brought natural speech and foreign influences to create modern poetic Russian.
Though his life was brief, he left examples of nearly every literary genre of his day: lyric poetry, narrative poetry, the novel, the short story, the drama, the critical essay and even the personal letter. His work as a critic and as a journalist marked the birth of Russian magazine culture which included him devising and contributing heavily to one of the most influential literary magazines of the 19th century, the Sovremennik The Contemporary, or Современник.
Pushkin inspired the folk tales and genre pieces of other authors: Leskov , Yesenin and Gorky. His use of Russian language formed the basis of the style of novelists Ivan Turgenev , Ivan Goncharov and Leo Tolstoy , as well as that of subsequent lyric poets such as Mikhail Lermontov.
Pushkin was analysed by Nikolai Gogol , his successor and pupil, and the great Russian critic Vissarion Belinsky. The book describes him as a liberal and a victim of the Tsarist regime. In Poland the book was published under the title Death of the Poet. In , the town of Tsarskoye Selo was renamed Pushkin in his honour.
There are several museums in Russia dedicated to Pushkin, including two in Moscow, one in Saint Petersburg, and a large complex in Mikhaylovskoye. The film was directed by Natalya Bondarchuk. Pushkin was portrayed on screen by Sergei Bezrukov. The Pushkin Trust was established in by the Duchess of Abercorn to commemorate the creative legacy and spirit of her ancestor and to release the creativity and imagination of the children of Ireland by providing them with opportunities to communicate their thoughts, feelings and experiences.
A minor planet, Pushkin , discovered in by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Chernykh , is named after him. A station of Tashkent metro was named in his honour. Sculptor V. Petersburg, Russia.
Puskin: Anyegin – olvasónapló